Rioja WinesThe new Biodynamic System goes beyond Rioja red wines' traditional oak-aging technique to encourage independent, sustainable production from local vineyards. Instead of relying on oak tags to indicate wines' origin, biodynamic labels indicate a wine's region of origin. This means that you get a real "you're not just drinking Ribera; you're drinking Rioja." The new system also moves Rioja red wines away from traditional oak-aging as an indicator of superior quality. Instead, wineries are urged to champion local microclimates and unique vineyard locations instead. At present, there is a major interpenetration of winemaking practices in Rioja wines. There is widespread use of oak barrels for fermenting, while at the same time the majority of the wine production utilizes other types of barrels, which are called pressurized oak barrels. This practice is taking place across the entire winemaking region. The idea behind using pressurized oak barrels is to maintain the original flavor characteristics of the grape, but to extend the shelf life of the wine by extending its contact with oxygen. The result is an extended maturation of the wine, bringing out the best aspects of each grape varietal and individual barrel. Other defining characteristics of Rioja wines include a high amount of iron in the juice and body of the wine. Brazilian grape varieties like Corinto and Guerra do not have the same amount of iron. Because of this, the concentration of iron in a typical bottle of Rioja wine is significantly lower than that found in comparable French, Italian or Californian wines. The iron is what gives the wine its distinctive taste. The concentration of iron is also what sets it apart from other sherry-based vintages. Most of the premium Rioja Wines are aged in old oak barrels. Many of the older varieties have seen their grape varieties decline in fame over the years, but this has been offset by superior quality grapes. It's also easier to control the aging process since the traditional method of corkscrewing and applying oxygen to the bottles keeps the wine at just the right level of oxidation. Modern technology allows vineyards to age their wines at higher temperatures. This increased level of temperature also increases the concentration of acidity of the finished product. Most of the premium Rioja Wines on the market are produced by small independent families owned and operated vineyards. Large grape plantations are rare in Brazil, even though the country is one of the largest exporters of wines in the world. Most of the vineyards in Brazil are located in the Amazon forest, allowing vines to grow throughout the year and producing wines of exceptional quality year after year. Many of the vineyards are located in the heart of the Amazon. Altogether, more than 25% of the total vineyards in the Amazon region are located near the towns of Altamira and Caucedao. In the center of the Amazon rainforest is found in the small village of Alavesa. The small town has a rich history that dates back several centuries. There are two main varieties of Rioja Wines produced in Alavesa. The first is from the larger variety of grapes grown in the area, including the grandifloras, barrios and alavesas, while the second variety is made from the smaller and less famous types of grapes like the pomada, colchicos, aguibolos and baludos. Many people prefer to buy a full-bodied red when it comes to wine, but for most people a full-bodied wine is a light wine. That's why most of the Rioja Wines on the market come in white, meaning that they are light and not too alcoholic. Many people in Brazil find that a single wine can be perfect for one event, such as a wedding or a birthday party, while there are also plenty of other occasions for enjoying a good Rioja Wine. For example, one year after opening the Rioja Wines brand, the company decided to put out an array of different sparkling wines. The result was that everyone had plenty of wine to choose from. The specialty of Rioja Wines is in the use of grapes grown in the autonomous communities instead of those grown in other areas. This allows Rioja to produce some of the best tasting wines available in the world. Each grape variety used produces distinctive flavors that make each Rioja Wine unique. Flavors can be fruity like orange or lemon, earthy like cinnamon or nutty like honey.